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Mastering Trimming Buds: Key to Potent and Beautiful Harvest

Trimming buds critically shapes the quality and effectiveness of cannabis, making it an indispensable step in cultivation. This section introduces the practice, highlighting its impact on enhancing the product's potency, aroma, and appearance. Mastering trimming buds is key to unlocking your harvest's full potential and ensuring it meets the highest quality standards.

Timing in bud trimming demands careful consideration, a focus of our discussion. Choosing between wet and dry trimming and determining the optimal moment for these processes are crucial for maintaining the integrity and quality of the buds. Environmental conditions and strain-specific characteristics also play a significant role in these decisions.

Concluding the blog, we explore essential tools and techniques for efficient bud trimming. This section is designed to help cultivators avoid common pitfalls and maintain a clean, efficient operation, from selecting the right equipment to detailing a systematic approach to trimming. It's a comprehensive overview to enhance the process and the final product.

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Why Trimming Buds?

Understanding the significance of trimming buds is essential in cannabis cultivation. This practice, far from being merely a cosmetic procedure, is integral in enhancing the intrinsic qualities of the cannabis plant. By carefully removing the excess foliage, cultivators can directly influence the potency, aroma, and overall appeal of their harvest.

Enhancing Potency and Aroma

The meticulous process of trimming plays a direct role in intensifying the desired characteristics of cannabis. This practice mainly influences two key aspects: potency and aroma. Let’s explore how trimming buds can maximize THC levels and concentrate the essential flavonoids and terpenes, elevating the sensory experience of cannabis.

Maximizing THC Levels

The primary psychoactive component in cannabis, THC, is predominantly found in the buds of the plant. Trimming allows for a greater concentration of THC by removing excess foliage that does not contain these compounds. Trimming directs the plant's energy into the buds, enriching them with THC and enhancing their strength.

Concentrating Flavonoids and Terpenes

Flavonoids and terpenes, key to cannabis's aroma and flavor, are concentrated by trimming buds. This step is vital for intensifying the plant's sensory appeal. Achieving the right fragrance and taste through trimming directly impacts cannabis's overall attractiveness.

Improving Appearance and Quality

Beyond enhancing the chemical properties of cannabis, trimming buds also plays a pivotal role in refining its physical attributes. This aspect of cultivation is not just about aesthetics; it directly influences the perceived quality and user experience. Let's delve into how proper trimming can achieve aesthetic appeal and reduce harshness in smoke, further elevating the overall quality of the cannabis.

Achieving Aesthetic Appeal

The visual appeal of cannabis is greatly enhanced through trimming. This process helps shape the buds, making them more compact and visually appealing. Well-trimmed buds are often a sign of high-quality cannabis, as they indicate careful and precise cultivation practices.

Reducing Harshness in Smoke

Trimming also plays a role in reducing the harshness of smoke. Removing excess leaves, which can contribute to a more acrid smoke, ensures a smoother and more enjoyable experience for users. This aspect is crucial for medical cannabis users who require a gentler smoke.

By focusing on the removal of excess foliage, cultivators enrich THC levels and intensify the aromatic flavonoids and terpenes. This careful pruning also contributes to the visual appeal and reduces harshness in consumption, ensuring a superior cannabis experience.

Best Time for Trimming Buds

Having understood the key reasons for bud pruning, we next shift our focus to the best time to prune buds, which we must recognize dramatically affects the quality of cannabis. The choice between trimming during the wet or dry stages directly affects the final product. Now, let’s examine the factors determining the optimal timing for trimming.

Identifying the Harvest Window

The harvest window is a pivotal period that determines the quality of the final product. Recognizing this window requires a keen eye and a deep understanding of the plant's growth cycle.

Visual Inspection of Trichomes

Inspecting trichomes involves examining their color and structure under magnification. Clear trichomes suggest the plant is still developing. As they turn cloudy or milky, it indicates THC is at its peak, ideal for a high-potency harvest. On the other hand, Amber trichomes suggest a higher level of CBN, which can offer a more relaxing effect. This visual cue is critical in timing the trim for the desired effects.

Understanding Plant Maturity

In addition to the trichome inspection, the overall maturity of the plant needs to be assessed. This can be done by observing the pistils – the hair-like structures on the buds. When a significant percentage of these pistils change color and curl, it's a sign of maturity. Another indicator is the bud structure; mature buds are typically dense and compact.

Factors Affecting Trimming Buds Timing

While trichome and plant maturity offer direct insights, external factors are crucial in determining the optimal trimming time.

Climate and Environmental Conditions

Environmental conditions, especially humidity and temperature, can accelerate or delay a plant's maturity. For instance, the maturation process may be slower in cooler climates, extending the harvest window. In areas with warmer and more humid conditions, it's advisable to trim the buds earlier to avoid mold development and keep the buds' quality intact.

Strain-Specific Characteristics

Each cannabis strain has its unique growth pattern and maturation timeline. Indica strains mature faster than Sativa strains, requiring a closer watch as the harvest window approaches. Hybrids can vary greatly, depending on their genetic makeup, making it important to research and understand the specific trimming requirements of your chosen strain.

The optimal timing for trimming buds hinges on careful observation and understanding of the plant's maturity, particularly through trichome inspection, and consideration of external factors like climate and strain-specific characteristics. Attentiveness to such details enables growers to synchronize their trimming activities with the plant's peak maturity, contributing significantly to the excellence of the final cannabis product.

Pros and Cons of Wet Trimming Buds and Dry Trimming Buds

After discussing when to trim buds for optimal quality, we now address the choice between wet and dry trimming. We'll compare these methods, focusing on how each one influences the handling and outcome of the buds. Let's dive into the details of wet and dry trimming to understand their benefits and drawbacks better.

Benefits of Wet Trimming Buds

Wet trimming not only speeds up the process but also impacts the final look of the buds. This next section discusses how this method enhances their visual appeal.

Improving Processing Efficiency

Wet trimming enhances processing efficiency due to the physical state of the plant immediately after harvest. At this stage, the leaves are more rigid and extend away from the bud, making them easier to access and remove. This rigidity reduces the time and effort required to separate unwanted foliage from the buds. In commercial cannabis operations where saving time is important, wet trimming's efficiency means more cannabis can be processed quickly, increasing the business's productivity.

Enhancing Aesthetic Quality of Buds

Regarding aesthetics, wet trimming offers significant advantages. When buds are trimmed while still fresh, achieving a more uniform and tidy appearance is easier. This is because the moisture in the buds keeps them plump and open, allowing for a more precise trim. The outcome of this process is a product that boasts a visually attractive and uniform shape, an aspect highly valued in the commercial cannabis market.

Drawbacks of Wet Trimming Buds

While wet trimming offers several benefits, it also comes with its own set of challenges. Let's delve into the potential drawbacks of this method, particularly focusing on its implications for product integrity.

Increased Risk of Mold and Mildew

However, wet trimming also increases the risk of mold and mildew development. The moisture in freshly trimmed buds creates an environment conducive to mold growth, mainly if the drying process is not adequately managed. Effective and rapid drying is crucial to prevent this, necessitating a controlled environment with optimal humidity and airflow. Failure to establish such conditions can lead to mold, which compromises the product's quality and poses health risks.

Impact on Terpene Preservation

The impact of wet trimming on terpene preservation is another concern. Terpenes, the compounds responsible for the aroma and flavor of cannabis, are sensitive to the drying process. In wet trimming, a typical scenario involves quick drying, which may cause essential volatile compounds to evaporate more swiftly. This might reduce the aroma and flavor intensity of the cannabis. Consequently, the final product may not fully deliver the sensory richness consumers expect, which could impact its attractiveness in the market.

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Advantages of Dry Trimming Buds

Dry trimming, a method executed after the buds have thoroughly dried, brings several benefits. Let’s delve into how this approach contributes to the overall quality of the cannabis.

Improving Quality

Dry trimming is known for its ability to improve the overall quality of cannabis. This process involves trimming the buds after they have been completely dried. In dry trimming, the absence of moisture enables more accurate cutting, yielding a final product that is both cleaner and more visually attractive. Drying brittle leaves and stems simplifies their removal and enhances the buds' refined look. Such meticulous attention to detail enhances the overall quality, a crucial aspect for growers targeting the premium market segment.

Enhancing Flavor and Potency

Dry trimming also enhances the flavor and potency of cannabis. Drying buds before trimming leads to a slower moisture release. This slow process is key in maintaining the terpenes and cannabinoids essential for the plant's distinct scent, flavor, and health benefits. Dry trimming, by safeguarding these compounds from fast evaporation, enhances the depth of flavor and the effectiveness of the cannabis's psychoactive or therapeutic properties. Therefore, this method is often chosen for producing superior cannabis products. 

Longer Shelf Life

Another advantage of dry trimming is the extended shelf life it provides to the cannabis. The thorough drying process reduces the risk of mold and bacterial growth, common issues in improperly dried cannabis. By removing excess moisture before trimming, the buds are better preserved, reducing the likelihood of degradation over time. This extended shelf life is crucial for commercial distribution and long-term personal storage.

Disadvantages of Dry Trimming Buds

While dry trimming offers several advantages, it also presents certain challenges. Let's examine the aspects that might make dry trimming less favorable for some cultivators.

More Time-Consuming and Increased Physical Effort

However, dry trimming is more labor-intensive and time-consuming. The fragility of dried buds requires careful handling to avoid crumbling and loss of valuable trichomes. This meticulous process demands more attention and effort, making it a slower and more precise task than wet trimming. This can translate into significant labor costs and extended processing times for large-scale operations.

Increased Dust Production

Dry trimming can also lead to increased dust production. As the dried leaves and stems are trimmed and manipulated, they can crumble into fine particles, creating a dusty environment. This dust can be a nuisance in the processing area and may require additional cleaning efforts to maintain a clean and safe workspace.

Equipment and Space Requirements

Lastly, dry trimming demands specific equipment and space requirements. The need for adequate drying space before trimming and storage facilities for the dried buds adds complexity to the operation. Additionally, the trimming process requires a suitable area to accommodate the equipment and staff, which can be challenging for operations with limited space.

Both wet and dry trimming methods offer distinct advantages and challenges in cannabis cultivation. Wet trimming stands out for its efficiency and clean bud appearance but carries mold risks and potential terpene loss. On the other hand, dry trimming is favored for preserving terpenes and extending shelf life, yet it requires more time, effort, and careful handling. 

Ultimately, the choice between wet and dry trimming depends on the cultivator's specific needs, resources, and goals, each method bringing its unique contributions to the quality and presentation of the final cannabis product.

Tools for Trimming Buds

Moving from our discussion on wet and dry trimming methods, the focus now shifts to the essential tools used in these processes. Selecting the right tools is crucial and directly influences the trimming outcome, regardless of whether wet or dry methods are employed. Next, we will delve into the various tools designed for bud trimming, highlighting how they cater to different requirements in cultivation practices.

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Manual Scissors

Manual scissors are a fundamental tool in the bud-trimming process. Preferred for their precision, they allow cultivators to make careful cuts, which is particularly important for maintaining the integrity of the buds. Ideal for small batches or detailed work, manual scissors offer control and accuracy, ensuring a clean and close trim. They benefit cultivators who prioritize each bud's quality and are willing to invest the time and effort required for hand-trimming.

Automated Trimmers

Automated trimmers are designed for efficiency in larger-scale operations. They are used to process a high volume of cannabis buds in a shorter time frame compared to manual trimming. Trimming machines are available in various sizes and styles, each with distinct features like variable speed controls and multiple blade types to handle buds of varying sizes and densities. 

Although these automated trimmers greatly decrease the time and effort needed for trimming, they might not achieve the same precision as manual methods. These machines are particularly effective in large-scale commercial settings where rapid production is essential.

In conclusion, the range of tools available for trimming cannabis buds is diverse, each catering to specific needs within the cultivation spectrum. Manual scissors offer precision and are ideal for small-scale, detail-oriented operations. Automated trimmers provide efficiency and are well-suited for large commercial cultivations. 

Appropriately selecting these tools is crucial for optimizing the trimming process to suit the scale, quality standards, and specific requirements of different cannabis cultivation ventures.

Step-by-Step Trimming Buds Guide

Next, our attention shifts to a detailed, step-by-step method for trimming buds. In the following sections, you'll find thorough instructions on using the previously mentioned tools effectively, aiming for optimal outcomes in the trimming process.

Preparing for Trimming Buds

Effective preparation lays the groundwork for a successful trimming session. Setting up a well-lit workspace and ensuring all tools are the first critical steps.

Setting Up Your Workspace

Creating an optimal workspace is crucial for efficient trimming. Firstly, choose a well-lit area to ensure you can see the details of the buds. Adequate lighting is essential for identifying the trim areas accurately. The workspace should be spacious enough to accommodate all your tools and provide comfortable access to the cannabis buds. Cover the work surface with a clean, non-stick mat or surface covering to collect trichomes that may fall during trimming. Ensure the area is free from contaminants and distractions, as a clean and focused environment is key to quality trimming.

Sanitizing Your Tools

Tool sanitation is beneficial for maintaining the quality and safety of the buds. Begin by thoroughly cleaning your scissors, trimmers, gloves, and any other equipment you'll be using. You can use isopropyl alcohol for sterilization, as it effectively eliminates bacteria and residues. After cleaning, allow the tools to dry completely before use. Regular sanitization throughout the trimming process is also recommended, especially when switching between different batches of buds.

Detailed Trimming Buds Process

After preparing your workspace and tools, focus on the specific techniques and areas for trimming to ensure a high-quality outcome.

Technique for Efficient Trimming

Using your trimming tools effectively is key to an efficient process. Hold the bud by the stem and gently remove the enormous fan leaves first. These are typically easy to identify and don't contain significant amounts of trichomes. For the smaller sugar leaves closer to the bud, use precise cuts to trim them as close to the bud as possible without cutting into it. 

The goal is to maintain the bud's integrity while removing unnecessary foliage. If using automated trimmers, feed the buds into the machine according to the manufacturer's instructions, ensuring they are trimmed evenly.

Identifying Areas to Trim

Discernment is necessary in choosing which areas to trim. The main aim is to remove leaves that do not have a coating of trichomes, as these do not contribute to the potency or flavor of the bud. Focus on leaves that protrude from the bud's surface, as these are usually less resinous. The closer leaves, often laden with trichomes, can be trimmed conservatively.

In conclusion, this blog provides a thorough walkthrough for trimming cannabis buds, emphasizing the importance of a well-prepared workspace and sanitized tools and the careful application of trimming techniques. Following these steps ensures a refined and quality outcome, achieving excellence in cannabis harvest.

Common Trimming Buds Mistakes

Building on the guidelines for trimming buds, we now turn to common errors that can occur in this process. The following segment aims to highlight typical mistakes, including over-trimming and disregarding hygiene, guiding cultivators to refine their techniques and ensure top-quality results.

Over Trimming Buds

Over-trimming is an easy mistake to make, especially for those new to cannabis cultivation. Over-trimming typically occurs when the cuts extend beyond the small sugar leaves and into the bud's main body, where most trichomes are located. This excessive cutting can be identified by a noticeable reduction in the bud's frosty appearance and a less dense structure. Over-trimming can lead to several negative consequences:

  • Loss of Potency: Trichomes, the tiny, crystal-like structures on the surface of the buds, contain cannabinoids and terpenes responsible for the plant's potency, aroma, and therapeutic benefits. Over-trimming can strip away these trichomes, significantly reducing the bud's overall potency and quality.
  • Aesthetic Damage: Over-trimming can alter the bud's natural shape and appearance, making it less appealing. In the cannabis market, the visual appeal of the bud can be just as important as its potency.
  • Economic Loss: Over-trimming can mean a direct loss in product value for commercial cultivators. The reduction in quality and aesthetic appeal can diminish the market value of the trimmed buds.

Ignoring Hygiene and Safety

The importance of hygiene and safety during trimming cannot be overstated, as neglecting these areas can lead to significant issues.

  • Pathogen Contamination: Tools, gloves, or work surfaces not regularly sanitized can harbor harmful microorganisms. These can transfer to the buds, potentially causing health issues for consumers.
  • Long-Term Effects on Product Quality: Contaminated buds may develop mold or other quality issues during storage, affecting their longevity and usability.
  • Personal Injuries: Improper handling of trimming tools can lead to cuts or other injuries. Ensuring that all equipment is used correctly and safely is crucial.
  • Electrical Hazards: For those using automated trimmers, electrical safety is a key concern. Faulty equipment or unsafe practices can lead to accidents or equipment damage.

Avoiding over-trimming is good for preserving the bud's potency, aroma, and visual appeal, crucial factors in its market value. Equally important is adhering to strict hygiene and safety standards during trimming, which safeguards the product's integrity and the well-being of those handling it.

How to Avoid Damages While Trimming Buds

Understanding the mistakes commonly made during bud trimming sets the stage for learning how to avoid them. In the upcoming section, we'll delve into effective techniques and practices that help protect the buds from damage.

Gentle Handling Techniques

Mastering the techniques of handling cannabis buds during trimming is a key factor in protecting their physical integrity. This segment will discuss the influences of touch and pressure control and ways to maintain a contaminant-free environment during trimming.

Touch and Pressure Control

Gentle handling, particularly in touch and pressure, is vital when trimming buds. The rationale behind this is twofold:

Preservation of Trichomes: Trichomes are delicate structures on the surface of the buds, containing essential oils, cannabinoids, and terpenes that contribute to the potency, flavor, and aroma of the cannabis. Excessive pressure or harsh handling can detach these trichomes, significantly losing the bud's quality and therapeutic properties.

Maintaining Bud Integrity: Gentle handling helps maintain the physical integrity of the bud. Over-manipulation or too much pressure can deform the bud, affecting its appearance and potentially crushing the internal structures that hold cannabinoids and terpenes.

Avoiding Contamination

Preventing bud contamination is crucial for the safety and purity of the final product:

Use of Clean Tools and Gloves: Regularly cleaning and sterilizing trimming tools and wearing gloves can significantly reduce the risk of introducing contaminants like bacteria, fungi, or unwanted residues to the buds.

Maintaining a Clean Environment: Trimming in a clean, controlled environment reduces exposure to airborne contaminants, dust, and other pollutants. It's important to trim in a regularly cleaned space and free from potential sources of contamination.

Preserving Trichomes During Trimming

Focusing on trichome preservation is crucial as it directly influences the bud's potency and flavor. This part of the guide will explore methods to safeguard these tiny but significant structures during trimming.

Techniques for Trichome Preservation

Preserving the trichomes during trimming is critical for retaining the bud's quality:

Sharp, Precise Tools: Sharp scissors or trimmers ensure clean cuts without crushing the bud and trichomes. Blunt tools can cause more damage and lead to trichome loss.

Minimal Handling: Handling the buds as little as possible during trimming can help preserve the trichomes. When buds are moved or touched excessively, trichomes can be knocked off or damaged.

Monitoring Environmental Factors

The environment in which trimming occurs can impact trichome preservation:

Optimal Humidity and Temperature: Trimming in an environment with controlled humidity and temperature prevents trichome degradation. Extreme conditions, such as high humidity or temperature, can alter the integrity of these delicate structures. In the context of ensuring optimal conditions for trimming cannabis buds, Altaqua‘s Grow Room HVAC System plays a crucial role. By offering precise control over the environment, this system helps maintain the ideal humidity and temperature levels beneficial for protecting trichomes during trimming. 

With the ability to set specific targets for humidity and temperature, the Altaqua system ensures that conditions like high humidity or extreme temperatures, which can damage delicate trichomes, are effectively managed. This makes it a valuable tool for cultivators seeking to preserve the quality and potency of their cannabis throughout the trimming process.

Stable, Clean Air Quality: Ensuring the air quality is stable and free from pollutants and excessive dust can also aid in preserving the trichomes during trimming.

Adopting these techniques in the trimming process is instrumental in producing high-quality cannabis. Handling the buds with precision and ensuring the preservation of trichomes are practices that go beyond mere technique; they reflect an understanding of the cannabis plant's intricate nature.

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Post-Trimming Care

After exploring methods to avoid damage during bud trimming, the focus shifts to post-trimming care. It will cover the drying and curing processes, emphasizing their significance in preserving the quality and enhancing the effects of the buds. This transition from trimming to post-care highlights the continuity of attention required in the cultivation process, ensuring that the efforts put into careful trimming translate into a high-quality final product.

Drying and Curing Process

A systematic approach to drying and curing is fundamental in refining the quality of cannabis buds after trimming.

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Significance of Drying and Curing Process

Drying and curing serve multiple critical purposes. Drying reduces moisture in the buds, which can prevent mold and bacterial growth. This stage also begins the process of chlorophyll breakdown, which diminishes the harshness in the smoke. Curing is a process that matures the buds, allowing moisture to be released slowly and complex flavors and aromas to develop. This step also helps stabilize cannabinoids and terpenes, thereby improving the potency and the sensory qualities of the buds.

Optimal Conditions for Drying and Curing

The environment should be controlled for drying with moderate humidity (around 45-60%) and cooler temperatures (60°F-72°F). Consistent air circulation is also important to ensure even drying. During curing, the buds are typically placed in airtight containers, which are opened periodically to regulate moisture and prevent mold growth. This stage can last several weeks to fully develop the flavor, aroma, and potency of the cannabis.

Storage and Preservation of Trimmed Buds

After the meticulous drying and curing process, the focus shifts to the storage and preservation of the trimmed buds, ensuring their longevity and quality.

Choosing the Right Storage Containers

Selecting suitable storage containers is a crucial step in preserving the quality of cannabis buds. Containers should be airtight to prevent the exchange of air, which can degrade cannabinoids and terpenes over time. Glass jars are commonly used due to their inert nature, ensuring no unwanted chemical reactions that could alter the bud's properties. Keeping these containers in a cool, dark, and dry place further helps preserve the buds' freshness.

Long-Term Preservation Methods

Vacuum sealing is a popular method for limiting air exposure and extending shelf life. Additionally, using humidity control packs within storage containers can maintain an optimal moisture level, reducing the risk of mold growth and potency loss. This careful approach to storage plays a significant role in maintaining the buds' quality over extended periods.

Through these drying and curing methods, the integrity and efficacy of the trimmed cannabis buds can be maintained, ensuring they remain in prime condition for use.

Conclusion

In this blog, we have explored the intricate process of trimming cannabis buds, highlighting its importance in enhancing the buds' potency, aroma, and appearance. Key practices, such as identifying the optimal timing for trimming and understanding the distinct approaches of wet and dry trimming, were discussed, along with the critical role of selecting and maintaining the right tools.

We also delved into the common mistakes during trimming, underscoring the importance of gentle handling and trichome preservation. This was complemented by insights on avoiding contamination and damage, essential for maintaining bud quality.

The final section of the blog focused on post-trimming care, detailing the drying and curing processes for developing the buds' flavors and aromas. The discussion on proper storage techniques and long-term preservation methods concluded our blog, ensuring that the efforts put into trimming translate into a superior final product.

FAQ

1. Why is Trimming Buds Important?

Trimming buds are crucial for enhancing their quality. This process removes excess leaves, concentrating the cannabinoids and terpenes contributing to the bud's potency and aroma. It also improves the bud's appearance, making it more appealing, and reduces harshness when smoked, offering a smoother experience.

2. What is the Best Time for Trimming Buds?

The ideal time for trimming buds is when they reach the right maturity level, which can be determined by inspecting the color and condition of the trichomes. Typically, this is when trichomes turn from clear to a milky or amber hue, indicating peak levels of THC.

3. Wet Trimming vs Dry Trimming: Which is Better?

Choosing between wet and dry trimming depends on personal preference and operational logistics. Wet trimming is quicker and often easier, as the leaves are more pliable immediately after harvesting. However, it can lead to a quicker loss of terpenes. Dry trimming is more time-consuming but can result in better preservation of terpenes and a smoother final product.

4. How to Choose the Right Trimming Tools?

The choice of trimming tools should be based on the scale of operation and the specific requirements of the cannabis strain. For small batches, manual scissors offer precision and control. For larger operations, automated trimmers can save time and effort, though they might not match the precision of manual trimming.

5. What are Common Trimming Mistakes to Avoid?

Common mistakes include over-trimming, which can lead to the loss of valuable trichomes, and neglecting cleanliness, which can contaminate the buds. It's essential to trim just enough to remove unwanted leaves without cutting too deeply into the bud and to maintain a clean, sanitized environment.

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